REAL Democracy History Calendar July 11-17

July 11

1899 – Birth of Elwyn Brooks White
“Democracy is the recurrent suspicion that more than half the people are right more than half of the time.”

July 12

1804 – Death of Alexander Hamilton, first US Secretary of the Treasury
Hamilton called people the “mob at the gate” and decried “Our real disease, which is Democracy.”

He was a major proponent of First Bank of the United States – a privately owned national bank. The name was to deceive people into thinking that money creation was done by the government instead of corporate banks. The nation’s money was created out of thin air and loaned to the government – at interest – and to private individuals. Eighty percent of the stock was privately held. Hamilton called the public debt “a public blessing” because of his belief that it would tie the wealthy (who would own the government bonds) of the country to the government, and they would, in turn, provide political support for higher taxes, to make sure that there was enough money in the treasury to pay off their principal and interest.

1873 – The Farmers’ Anti-Monopoly Convention, Des Moines, 1873
The Convention resolved that: “all corporations are subject to legislative control; [such control] should be at all times so used as to prevent moneyed corporations from becoming engines of oppression.”

July 13

1956 – J.R.R. Tolkien is quoted on the topic of modern governments
“The main mark of modern governments is that we do not know who governs, de facto any more than de jure. We see the politician and not his backer; still less the backer of the backer; or what is most important of all, the banker of the backer. Enthroned above all, in a manner without parallel in all past, is the veiled prophet of finance, swaying all men living by a sort of magic, and delivering oracles in a language not understood of the people.” – Tolkien, author of The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings, quoted in Contour magazine.

July 14

1798 – The Sedition Act passes
Taking advantage of public fears of attack during a period of naval hostilities with France, Congress passed and President Adams signed a bill permitting government prosecution of individuals who expressed freedom of speech when voicing or printing what the government deemed malicious against the president or the U.S. government. It was a direct violation of the Constitution’s First Amendment right of free speech. There were 14 citizens, mainly journalists, who were prosecuted, and some imprisoned, under the Act.

1965 – Death of Adlai Stevenson II, U.S. politician, diplomat, and Presidential candidate
“The idea that you can merchandise candidates for high office like breakfast cereal…is the ultimate indignity to the democratic process.”

July 15

2014 — Montana Senator (and farmer) Jon Tester: “Corporations are not people”
Montana farmer and US Senator Jon Tester, took to the floor of the Senate to explain why he has introduced a Constitutional amendment to preserve rights of human beings, and end the fabrication of new “corporate rights.”
https://corporationsarenotpeople.com/2014/07/15/montana-senator-and-farmer-corporations-are-not-people/
Text of Tester’s amendment is here:https://www.scribd.com/doc/148533402/Tester-s-Constitutional-Amendment

July 16

1974 – Birth of Ben Manski, Founder of Liberty Tree Foundation for the Democratic Revolution
Liberty Tree “reinforce(s) pro-democracy campaigns across the United States” and helped “solidify networks of people whose aim is to have a more participatory system of government.” He also co-founded 180/Movement for Democracy and Education which was active from 1998 to 2004.. Its goal was “fighting against the corporatization of education, and subsequently aiming toward ‘campus democracy’ through teach-ins and other activities on college campuses.”

1992 – Publication of The Transformation of American Law by Morton Horwitz
“[T]he basic problem of legal thinkers after the Civil War was how to articulate a conception of property that could accommodate the tremendous expansion in the variety of forms of ownership spawned by a dynamic industrial society…The efforts by legal thinkers to legitimate the business corporation during the 1890’s were buttressed by a stunning reversal in American economic thought – a movement to defend and justify as inevitable the emergence of large-scale corporate concentration.”

July 17

1790 – Death of Adam Smith, author of The Wealth of Nations – who condemned corporations
“Smith saw corporations, as much as governments, as instruments for suppressing the competitive forces of the market, and his condemnation of them was uncompromising. He makes specific mention of corporations twelve times in his classic thesis, and not once does he attribute any favorable quality to them. Typical is his observation: ‘It is to prevent this reduction of price, and consequently of wages and profit, by restraining that free competition which would most certainly occasion it, that all corporations, and the greater part of corporation laws, have been established.’”
David C. Korten, When Corporations Rule the World, Kumarian Press, 1995.http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Korten/RiseCorpPower_WCRW.html

1971 – Nixon initiates the War on Drugs (a Presidential Initiative)
The War on Drugs declared by Richard Nixon violently targets and imprisons people of color disproportionally through today. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O2-q-RBiWhk

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